Author Guidelines

Ensure your manuscript is meticulously formatted according to the specified guidelines. Utilize Times New Roman font, size 12, maintaining double spacing and left justification throughout. Keep paragraphs separate with a space to enhance readability, while avoiding page breaks. Set margins to 2.5cm on all sides for A4 paper dimensions (21.0×29.7cm). Employ block letters and bold style for major section titles (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods/Methodology, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgments, References), as well as sub-sections within these categories. For full papers, ensure your manuscript does not exceed 12 typed pages, inclusive of Figures, Graphs, and Tables. Short communications should be limited to 6 pages. Additionally, adhere strictly to APA style guidelines for referencing. By following these instructions diligently, your manuscript will meet the requisite standards for submission to the Journal of Science and Technology.

References in the Text:

Literature citations in the text should indicate the author’s surname (last name) with the year of publication in parentheses, e.g., Rahman (2000). If there are two authors, ‘and’ must be used between the two names, e.g., Rahman and Khan (2006). When reference is made to a work by more than two authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used, e.g., Roy et al. (2005). If there is more than one work by the same authors in the same year cited, they should be distinguished by the letters a, b, c, etc.

Reference list:

Authors submitting manuscripts to this journal are required to adhere to the APA style guidelines for the references list. This entails organizing references alphabetically by the authors' last names, providing complete publication details for each source, and ensuring accurate formatting and punctuation. Each entry should include the author's last name followed by their initials, the publication year in parentheses, the title of the work in sentence case, the name of the journal or book in italics, the volume and issue number (if applicable), and the page range. Authors should also follow the latest edition of the APA Publication Manual for guidance on proper citation formatting and style. By following these guidelines diligently, authors can ensure their references list meets the standards required for submission to the journal.


Journal Article: Smith, J. (2019). Climate change impacts on biodiversity conservation: A review. Journal of Environmental Science, 15(3), 245-259.

Book: Brown, A. (2017). Ecology and Conservation. New York, NY: Academic Press.

Chapter in an Edited Book: Johnson, R. (2018). Biodiversity hotspots. In K. Miller (Ed.), Conservation Biology (pp. 112-130). London, UK: Oxford University Press.

Website: World Wildlife Fund. (2020). Biodiversity hotspots around the world. Retrieved from

Newspaper Article: Williams, T. (2021, March 15). Declining bee populations threaten agricultural productivity. The New York Times, p. A5.

Conference Proceeding: Garcia, M., & Patel, S. (2019). Conservation strategies for endangered species. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Conservation Biology (pp. 78-89). Retrieved from

Thesis/Dissertation: Adams, E. (2018). Assessing the impact of habitat loss on bird populations in urban areas (Doctoral dissertation). University of California, Los Angeles.

Report: United Nations Environment Programme. (2020). Global Biodiversity Outlook 5. Nairobi, Kenya: Author.

Government Document: Department of Environment and Natural Resources. (2019). Biodiversity Conservation Act 2019. Canberra, Australia: Government Printing Office.

Patent: Johnson, T. (2017). Method for tracking endangered species using GPS technology (U.S. Patent No. 1234567). Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Ensure each entry in the reference list follows the APA style guidelines accurately, including authors' names, publication years, titles, and other necessary details.


Authors are required to submit the following documents:

  1. Main document (Manuscript without author details)
  2. Manuscript with author details
  3. Author Declaration Form
  4. Picture of the payment document
  5. Plagiarism report

Additionally, authors should download the manuscript template, remove all author information, and save the document as the Main Manuscript before submission.